Earth Worms

Early one morning, I was putting the trash out for the garbage man to pick up.  The air felt humid and damp.  I briefly looked at the grasss as I walked back to the house when I noticed two worms mating.  

A perfect homeschool moment!  So I did what any excited homeschool mom would do, I called for all the kids to come and see this amazing event.

I have been wanting to do an earth worm unit study.  Several months ago, I put lots of material together, but other things took precidense and I still have yet to do it with the kids.  I hope we can get this unit on worms done soon.

But today was a spur of the moment natural SCIENCE lesson.  I couldn’t believe what a great visual we had.
Two very long and large worms were stretched in both directions for a very long distance.  But at one end they joined a section of their bodies. 

I knew from experience of catching worms to go fishing that if they sensed any vibration on the ground they would quickly go into hiding down a whole.  Their stretched bodies were actually a quick get away plan.  They were ready to recoil in opposite directions, like two rubber bands. 

We all observed them for quite a while.

We noticed they were exchanging a white colored sticky fluid.  The kids guessed this white fluid might be eggs, or the worms might be fertilizing eggs.  We decided we would look up what this was on the internet when we got back inside the house later.

Eventually we did disturb the worms and they tried to dart away quickly.

They tried to hide in the grass, but we caught them, gently held on untill their bodies relaxed and let go of what they were clinging to, and brought them over to the sidewalk for a closer look.

They were wiggly, slimmy, and sticky.  After observing them for a while, we released them back into the grass and they quickly went back into hiding though they did not completely disappear down a whole.  We guessed they needed to recouperate their strength after our observations.  But we checked later and they were gone.  So we know they fully recovered and no harm was done from spending time with us in our outdoor classroom!

Here is a video we made during part of our observations.

Several months ago, we spent some time with a WORMOLOGIST at Roper Mountain Science Center. 

This was a great opportunity for us to see worms at different stages in their life cycle and learn about what they eat and how to keep a worm habitat at home.

I was amazed how small worm eggs, and baby worms are.  Here are worm castings (poop), worm eggs, and baby worms in my hand.

I will post more about the trip to Roper Mountain Science Center in a future story.  It is a great place for hands on learning.

When went back in the house,after observing worms in our yard, we looked up some information about worms.  Here is some basic info we learned:

  • Earth worms can live about 6-8 years, but if a worm’s skin dries out, it will die. 
  • Worms do not have eyes, but can sense light. 
  • Worms eat soil, leaves, and vegetation.
  • Worms are hermaphrodites.  They carry both male and female organs.  Mature worms mate by sticking together and exchanging sperm at the clitellum.  Both worms pass sperm.  Then the sperm mixes with eggs in both worms.  The fetile eggs develop an egg capsule, or cocoons, and worms deposite these in the soil.   
  • Baby worms hatch from very small cocoons. The worm cocoon is smaller than a grain of rice.


Earth Worm Unit Study

Here are some resources I am using with my kids for a Worm Unit Study and making a Worm Lapbook.  I’ll post a story and pictures here when we get our unit study done.  Check out these links if you would like to learn more about Earth Worms with your kids.

National Geographic

Virtual Worm Tour inside a worm

Make a WORM BIN with The Adventures of Herman


Earth Worm Science Experiments

Walking Earth Worm Science Experiment

Learning about Earth Worms Lesson Plans

Earth Worm Report from Eduplace

Primary Games Arena Quiz about Worms

Earth Worms Unit Study at Homeschool Share

Worm Unit Study from hcentralsa

Earth Worm Coloring Page

E is for Earth Worm Coloring Page

Earth Worms Coloring By Number Page

Earth Worm Coloring Page by Enchanted Learning

Compost Stew Activities

“…but early the next morning the LORD sent a worm to chew on the vine, and the vine dried up”.   Jonah 4:7

This post will be linked up with
No Time For Flash Cards
Science Sunday
ABC and 123
Raisng Homemakers
Sharing Time

Please share.
This entry was posted in Nature, Science, Soil on by .

About Melinda Weiser

I am a sinner, saved by grace. I am on a journey and offer to share my story with the hope that it will bless you. My one desire is to bring glory to my creator. I am a wife and the mother of 6 children, plus two in heaven. I enjoy homeschooling, research, teaching, homesteading, natural gardening, grass based farming, cooking, fresh raw milk, herbs, children, midwifery, and music. I am a writer, biblical mentor, and also work part time in the healthy foods and vitamin business I have a BSW degree from Kansas State University, and trained professionally as a medical social worker, biblical counselor, tutor, and vocal performer. Thank you for stopping by to read about our homeschool and family life adventures. Be blessed!

3 thoughts on “Earth Worms

  1. Ticia

    I didn’t know all of that about worms. It sounds like they were making new baby worms like ya’ll guessed!

    Thanks for linking up to Science Sunday.

  2. Darci the STEM Mom

    Are you kidding me? This is a GREAT post about earthworms! You’ve got videos, a photo of worms exchanging fluids! You’ve got it all! I’m LOVING this!

    As you can tell from my excitement, we are studying worms now too! I love your resources for the lapbooks, but that’s more than I’m up for right now (my son is 5).

    I just finished an earthworm unit, but for kindergartners. You may want to check out all we’ve compiled. And this is only the science and math components. I worked with two other teachers to come up with this great unit, and they did most of the literacy parts.

    We are hosting a Worm-themed linky, and believe that this post would be a great addition! Linking up would allow others to see all the great resources you’ve put together! Consider linking up, when you get a chance!

    Here is the address to our linky that will open Nov. 7):

    Darci the STEM Mom
    Andrea from No Doubt Learning
    Erin from The Usual Mayhem


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