Category Archives: Garden

Garden Bugs Unit Study



What’s Bugging Your Garden?  

Sounds kinda funny don’t you think?

HSV Garden Challenge 

This is our last post for the Homeschool Village Garden Challenge 2011, and we chose to focus on Garden Bugs.  We have had so much fun with this whole garden challenge learning project this summer.

So after doing all these fun learning adventures with the garden, I thought I would put together a Garden Bug Unit Study to go along with our Garden Unit Study and share it with you too.


Garden Bug Unit Study

Books We Read
I searched our book shelves, and came up with these great stories to explain more about garden bugs:

Topsy Turvey Tracy  The Grimy Slimy Bug Safari


Bugs Life (read the book, and watched the movie).
Black Widow Spiders, Creepy Bugs, Flying Bugs, I Like Bugs, Strange And Amazing Insects, It’s Alive, Slimmy Slugs and so much more…….


We also watched a DK movie called Insects.


Lesson Plans, Unit Studies, and Lapbooks

Did you know that you might find over 40 different bugs in your garden at any given time?  Here is a great website to give you an introduction in identifying some of the bugs in your garden.
http://www.gardeners.com/on/demandware.store/Sites-Gardeners-Site/default/Search-PestsDiseases

How to naturally reduce garden pests.
http://www.gardeners.com/Managing-Pests-Diseases/5064,default,pg.html

What is pollination and how do bugs help polinate the plants in the garden?
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/pollinators/index.shtml
and
http://www.discoveryeducation.com/teachers/free-lesson-plans/pollination-parties.cfm

Beneficial garden insects verses pest
http://www.gardeners.com/Beneficial-Bugs/7326,default,pg.html

Non-poisonous verses poisonous bugs (we live where there are various kinds of black widow spiders, brown recluse spiders, wasps, hornets, centipedes, milipedes, fire ants, and so on that cause painful injuries from injecting poinons into their victims).

Homeschool Share: Ant Unit Study and Lapbook
http://www.homeschoolshare.com/ant_lapbook.php

Homeschool Share: Bee Unit Study and Lapbook
http://www.homeschoolshare.com/honey_bee_lapbook.php

Homeschool Share: Butterfly Unit Study and Lapbook
http://www.homeschoolshare.com/butterfly_lapbook.php

Homeschool Share: Dragonfly Unit Study and Lapbook
http://www.homeschoolshare.com/dragonfly.php

Homeschool Share: Praying Mantis Unit Study and Lapbook
http://www.homeschoolshare.com/praying_mantis.php

Homeschool Share: Snail Unit Study and Lapbook
http://www.homeschoolshare.com/snails.php

Bug Facts
http://www.earthlife.net/insects/six.html

Yucky Bug Facts and Games
http://yucky.discovery.com/roaches/

Butterfly Facts
http://butterflywebsite.com/

Adopt An Insect Unit Study
http://sciencespot.net/Pages/adinsless.html

Spider Unit Study For Kinders
http://www.kinderkorner.com/spiders.html

Garden Pest Unit For Older Students
http://www.k12.hi.us/~ckuroda/pest.htm




Printables
great for coloring, matching, skills practice, lapbooking, notebooking, and more.

Pretty Bugs
http://1plus1plus1equals1.blogspot.com/2011/05/pretty-bugs-creatures-preschool-pack.html

Garden Printables
http://homeschoolcreations.com/gardenpreschoolpack.html



C is for Catepillar
http://confessionsofahomeschooler.blogspot.com/2009/10/prek-letter-c.html

Laddy Bug Math File Folder Game
I love this math game!!!  You can adjust it to be simple or more complicated based on your students skill level.
http://mama-jenn.blogspot.com/2010/07/ladybug-spot-addition-file-folder-game.html

Montessori Garden Printables
http://livingmontessorinow.com/tag/gardening-unit/

Insect Coloring Pages
http://www.dltk-kids.com/animals/minsectposter.html

and

http://funschool.kaboose.com/preschool/art-activity-center/printables/bug-coloring-pages.html

and

http://www.first-school.ws/theme/animals/cp_insects.htm

Activities & Crafts

Draw A Bug Game
http://www.proteacher.org/a/81847_Draw_an_Insect.html

Bug Bingo Game
http://familycrafts.about.com/od/bugcrafts/ss/Bug-Bingo-Game-Cards.htm

Paint A Bug pages from the dollar store




Bottle Top Bugs craft
http://mama-jenn.blogspot.com/2010/05/bottle-top-bugs.html

Love Bugs craft
http://mama-jenn.blogspot.com/2010/02/love-bugs.html

Foam Bug Craft Kit from the dollar store


Bug On A Stick craft kit from the dollar store.

Lots of bug crafts
http://www.daniellesplace.com/html/bugs.html

DLTK: Insect Crafts
http://www.dltk-kids.com/crafts/insects/crafts.htm

Family Fun: Bug Crafts
http://familyfun.go.com/crafts/crafts-by-type/animal-bug-crafts/bug-themed-crafts/


Go on a garden bug hunt and search for bugs and worms.  Use hand shovels, butterfly nets, containers, tweezers, etc. to capture a few harmless bugs to observe them, and then release them back to the garden.  We found worms, beetles, pill bugs, flies, ladybugs, ants, spiders, bees, wasps, butterflies, etc.

worm


fly in our butterfly net


ants


ants


pill bug



Activity Trays

Activity trays with plastic bugs for the kids to sort, count, play, and role play.




Sensory Bins

Sensory & discovery bin.  This can be a small bin, or a large bin.  I made both. 




I  used small river rocks, plastic bugs, various scoops, tongs, funnels, and containers for lots of creativity, some small flowers or plants, sticks (to use as trees or logs or just use as sticks for bugs to crawl on or hide under), use green felt or foam (for a green lawn or to make a mini garden scene), use a minnow net as a butterfly net, colored glass rocks to make a pond and larger rocks for bugs to crawl on or hide under.








Science Experiments

I can’t wait to share some of these fun bug science experiments with you.  But you will have to wait until a future story.  I’ll link it back here when it is finished. 

I found this great science experiment book at the dollar store, and it is totally creepy and lots of fun.



This is another great science book about insects and plants and we have done several experiments from this book too.



Here are some more ideas you can do without a science book:

Grow a bee garden. Plant sunflowers and various flowering plants to attract and observe the bees.

Grow a butterfly garden.  Plant different flowers that attract butterflies and observe their behavior and life cycle.

Raise various bugs from eggs or larve (you can buy these on line, or find them free in nature): lady bugs, butterflies, praying mantis, ants, etc.

Tend a worm bin or worm bed.  Buy it or make it yourself.  Put in a pound of worms for each bin you raise.  Add newspaper, soil, kitchen vegetable and fruit scraps,  and obeserve the worms life cycle and their ability to turn everything into compost.  Apply the compost to your garden and continue the process again and again.

Use a magnifiying glass to look at a live and / or plastic bug up close.  Have the children describe or draw the different body parts of the bug.  Have older children lable the body parts.

What do bugs eat?  Choose a bug and find out if it eats your garden plants, or if it eats other bugs. 



Make Rubber Bugs

We made rubber bugs with a bug machine “Creepy Crawler”.  I found this on clearance for $5 last year.  It is just like an easy bake oven, only it bakes rubber instead of cookies.  It comes with two baking trays, a tray pusher, and various colors of liquid rubber goop to make your designs.  The baking trays are molds that shape the bugs.  Ours contained a spider, fly,  worm, dragonfly, scorpion.



The boys had so much fun taking turns designing their own “creepy crawlers”.



The process was fool proof.  Add a few squirts of colored liquids into the mold/baking pan. 



You can make whatever designs you like.



Place in mini oven.  The mini oven sets its own timer automatically, and shuts off automatically when it is done.  It was very easy to work with.



Allow the bugs to cool.  Then remove from baking tray.  We filled almost two whole cookie sheets, and must have made 50 of these, but I could not find all the pictures of the different colored ones. 







Field Trips:

We visited several places to enhance our learning about gardens and insects. 

Roper Mountain Science Center Butterfly Garden
         and Living History Farm Garden

This is one of my favorite pictures of the day.  My 11 year old son used my camera to capture several lovely pictures from this trip.  Here is a snap shot of a bee pollinating a purple cone flower.  He is going to enter one of his many photos he took on this day in an upcoming photo contest. 







Farmers Market / Tailgate Market to see what farmers grow in their gardens to sell to the public.







Carl Sandburg Gardens




Insect Recipes

Want to try eating some bugs?
http://www.ent.iastate.edu/misc/insectsasfood.html



Other Garden Unit Stori
es

Be sure to read our other Garden Stories and Garden Unit Study
http://weiseracademy.com/categories/Garden.aspx


Be sure to check out other homeschool families stories about their garden challenge at Homeschool Village
http://www.thehomeschoolvillage.com/2011/06/hsv-garden-challenge-june-sponsored-by-currclick.html


This post will also be linked up with
ABC and 123
Raising Homemakers
No Time For Flash Cards
Science Sunday
The Play Academy

Please share.

Garden Study Update for May

The garden is doing very well during this month of May.  The weather has been beautiful here in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina.

HSV Garden Challenge 

We are participating in a Garden Challenge at the Homeschool Village.  The first month over 130 families joined in, and last month 100 families joined in.  Be sure to stop over and read their wonderful stories and gain more insight into gardening with your family.

We are also doing our own Garden Unit Study to go along with the Garden Challenge.  Our unit study learning will continue until the final harvest and the garden dies out later in the fall.

This month the children and I have continued to monitor the growth and health of the plants. The children remain motivated, and also continue to take responsibility in watering the plants each week.  

We have had lots of sunshine and mid 80’s weather for most of the month, with a few scattered showers and two or three major storms.   The children enjoyed sitting on the porch and watching the storms as they came through.  A few of the storms produced tornadic weather, and a few miles from the house after this picture was taken, a tornado was spotted.

The ground is fairly dry over all, so the garden has needed water about once or twice a week.   Though there were days the younger children gave several of the plants water every day. 

My daughter loves to give the plants a drink with a water bottle.  You can read more about how she enjoys watering the plants HERE.

We had a major storm about two weeks ago, that produced severe winds, heavy rain, and hail.  

We had marble to a little under golf ball size hail, and I was really concerned about the damage it would do to the garden, as well as the house and vehicles.

I was hit on the arm, and the foot, by these flying torpedoes of ice when taking a picture.  It was very painful.

But just a few days after the hail storm, we reaped our first harvest from our garden beds.

We have harvested strawberries, spinach, green onions, leaf lettuce, and several herbs from the garden so far.

I have also seen some green cherry tomatoes on one of the plants too.  So far, none of the other vegetable plants have bloomed yet.

Here is a lovely plate of spinach, lettuce, strawberries, parsley, oregano, and the next photo is green onions from our garden.   I am putting all these ingredients and more together to make a special lunch today.

Read HERE to see what an awesome nutrient dense lunch these wonderful ingredients made.

We have continued to learn from our Garden Adventure Science Kit.  This kit is well worth the investment for your garden study. 

It comes with 16 experiments, a teachers guide, and student workbook, and all the equipment you need to do the experiments.  It also has additional suggestions for further study.

We have also continued to learn with our Garden Printables.    You can read about our Garden Unit Study components including the printables we are using HERE.

I have stored everything in our garden unit (except the garden and the live plants growing in the window sill) in this big tote.  It makes it easy to put the garden unit away at the end of the day.

The children have caught and observed various garden insects this month, such as worms, lady bugs, roly poly, ants, slugs, centipedes, caterpillars, spiders, and from a distance-bees.  We haven’t seen any butterflies yet, but that will come soon.  We plan to do a butterfly unit study yet this summer too.  We got some wonderful free butterfly resources a few weeks ago.  I will write about it soon. 

The kids have also enjoyed watching a window sill garden grow. 

We purchased these little greenhouse seed starter kits for $1 at the local Dollar store.  We added our own potting soil and the seeds that came with the kits.

I also recycled some disposable bakery trays with lids from the grocery store.  These make wonderful greenhouses to start your seeds in.  We added some potting soil and romaine lettuce seeds to the recycled tray.

This picture was taken two weeks ago and the plants were doing well.  They had grown so big we had to remove the roof of the green houses to let them have more space.

I will plan to write more in the days and weeks to come about each individual activity we did, in case you would like to follow along or repeat the Garden Unit Study with your own kids.

A garden is a fun adventure at any age!

How is your garden growing?  Leave us a comment, thanks!!!

This post will be linked up with
Science Sunday
No Time For Flash Cards
ABC and 123
The Garden Challenge

Please share.

Garden Nuggets


It has been one week since we planted our garden and flower beds.  You can read about planting the garden here.  

Each day I catch the two toddlers watering their beloved flowers. 

It has happened the same way each day.  “Mom, can we go out to play?”  “Yes, but I want you stay right in the yard where I can see you.” 



But each time they went out to play this past week, I could hear the outside water turned on and off.  I peeked outside to see this sight:



They are lovingly giving their plants a drink of water.



They genuinely care about the well being of their plants.  Because of this, I have been hesitant to say anything to discourage them.    I have been a little worried they may give the plants to much water.  But they assure me they are only giving each flower one drink.  They fill their little container one time for each flower.



Who knew a two year old and a three year old would take such pride in their garden?  They genuinely want to see their flowers happily blooming and “know” they will become thirsty and need a drink of water to stay healthy. 



They know this because they also become thirsty while playing outside, and they come in frequently for a drink of water.  So this “knowing” about thirst, comes from their own personal experience.  They feel for their plants who are outside in the sun, and know they too will get thirsty.

I often see nuggets of truth about life and about my relationship with my heavenly Father, through observing my children playing. 



Our heavenly Father knows us.  He created us.  He knows what we need, even before we ask.  He genuinely wants to care for our needs, and see us be healthy and happily blooming where he has planted us. 


Matthew 7:11
“If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him!”


Luke 12:56
“You hypocrites! You know how to interpret the appearance of earth and sky, but why do you not know how to interpret the present time?”


John 15:18
 “If the world hates you, know that it has hated me before it hated you.”



Jesus said to come, all who are thirsty in their life, and drink freely from his well, and you will be satisfied.


Matthew 5:6
“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.”


John 6:35
Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst.”


Revelation 21:6
And he said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. To the thirsty I will give from the spring of the water of life without payment.”


Revelation 22:17
The Spirit and the Bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the water of life without price.



What nuggets of truth do you learn from observing your children play?  Leave us a comment.  Thank you.


This post will be linked up with:
We Play
Tot Tuesdays
No Time For Flash Cards
The Play Academy
Raising Homemakers





Please share.

Garden Challenge Planting The Garden


Garden Challenge

The past several weeks have been a whirlwind of activity in our home, as the weather has transitioned from winter into spring.  We are having the most beautiful spring days here in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina.  

We are participating in the Homeschool Village’s Garden Challenge and also doing a Garden Unit Study too.   The Garden Challenge is a four month challenge to get homeschool families involved in learning about gardening.   

Anyone can participate in the garden challenge, and it doesn’t matter how simple or elaborate your garden is.  The point is to just learn something and share about it.  It can be something as simple as a container in the window,  a hanging basket in a window, a container on the patio, a flower box, a full scale garden, raised garden beds, or whatever you want to do.


Our Gardens Of The Past

I have always loved gardening.  As a child growing up in Kansas, we had many gardens, both at my parents home and at my grandparents home.  I remember an acre garden near the house, and a five acre garden at the bottom of the hill for sweet corn and melons.  We grew so many potatoes, green beans, cucumbers, corn, asparagus, rhubarb, strawberries, cabbage, and tomatoes that we always had plenty leftover until the next garden harvest the next year.  We had plenty of fruit and nut trees too, including peach, pear, cherry, apple, almond, pecan, walnut, and hickory nuts.  The growing and harvest season was always very busy. 

My dad loved the garden.  He would grow a surplus to sell at local markets.  A few years ago, when he died, we found hundreds of receipts of bushels of produce he had sold at the markets that season.  Most of it he grew himself in large gardens.  But he also knew how to buy bushels of produce at wholesale, and resell it too. 

When I was newly married, my dad helped my husband and me put in a large garden in our yard in Kansas. He came for a two week visit and we had the best time together.  He would get up with the sunrise and go out and weed the garden before the heat of the day.  On a walk, one afternoon, he showed me some “weeds” that he called part of God’s garden.  I specifically remember him pointing out wild mustard, dandelions, and poke or dock.  He said his parents loved to cook these with bacon and they were some of grandpa’s favorite food.  I did remember grandma making wilted greens for grandpa with bacon.  I never tasted it though.  As a kid, I did not eat cooked greens.  But as an adult, I have drank dandelion tea, and I do enjoy turnip greens too.

When we moved to Indiana, my husband helped me put in an even bigger garden and we learned about organic gardening.  An elderly neighbor used to work for the Organic Gardening Magazine.  He gave me lots of old issues and spent many hours teaching me.  He gave me starts of many plants I had never grown before.  Things like elephant ear garlic, horse radish, tobacco, spider plant, mosquito plant, and more.  These plants were amazing to grow in the garden to help reduce bugs, and I never had a prettier garden thanks to him.  He taught me to mulch the whole garden with newspaper and grass clippings.  They helped keep the soil moist in the summer, reduce weeds, and as they bio degraded, the soil was enriched with lots of nutrients.  

A few years later, I moved to our first farm in Indiana and had a bigger garden.   Soon I moved to a bigger farm, and built a bigger garden, and lots of flower and herb beds and a small orchard.  My husband also planted an acre of sweet corn and pumpkins for us to sell.   He planted five acres of alfalfa orchard grass hay and it provided us with four cuttings a year.  Our cattle used the rest of the acreage, though we also harvested grass hay off the cattle pasture too.  We were surrounded by 400 acres of highly productive farm ground owned by a neighbor.  Indiana has a lot of rainfall and a lot of top soil.  We often seen our neighbor’s field corn get eight to ten feet tall with huge yields per acre.  It was just a good place to farm and raise produce.

During this time I also spent a lot of time with Amish women in their beautiful gardens and learned so much.  I was able to hire an Amish helper named Sarah, to help me with my garden chores as I was producing enough for our family and plenty to sell.  With my Sarah’s assistance, we harvested many bushels of produce, canned, froze, dried, and so on, as we worked together to put up the harvest before it could spoil.  She worked like lightning.  I will always treasure those years we spent together working the garden and the harvest together.

My last years of gardening in Indiana, became a year around project and I had spent many hours in that same garden for 8 years.  It was a labor of love in building up the soil with composted leaves and grass clippings, composted cow & horse manure,  ashes from the fireplace, and composted hay.  The garden was rich and full of life.  It must have had over a foot deep of rich soil.  It grew the best potatoes, and squash and sweet corn.  It produced plentiful carrots, radishes, beets, onions, peppers, herbs, and tomatoes.  It was a great garden spot!


Our Current Garden

I have missed my garden since moving to North Carolina.  And I have been faced with gardening challenges I have not had to face before.  The first year here we rented a house from February to May, then moved back to Indiana for June, July, and part of August, then back to North Carolina the end of August.  And I was pregnant with our 5th child.  Whew!  In August, we rented a house and were not able to use the yard, so the following spring I bought a few planter boxes to put on the patio.  The next year we were finally living in our own house in North Carolina, but realizing we were dealing with a very hard red clay, difficult to get grass to grow and very difficult to get a garden to grow.  Also dealing with much less rainfall in NC compared to IN, and the entire south was in a major drought that has lasted for several years.  So there is a huge learning curve, as I adjust to this new environment with new challenges, despite our past garden success.  It is like learning from ground zero all over again.  As we were having trouble with the yard, we decide to begin our garden with two raised beds, and then build on each year as we could afford to expand. 

Our current garden consists of two raised beds that are 4 feet x 8 feet, two raised beds that are 2 feet x 4 feet, and four planter boxes that are 1 foot x 4 feet.  When we are able, we plan to expand our raised beds, and get a tiller and make a large garden bed too.  We have lived in this house for 1 1/2 year and we are making progress on the yard and garden one small step at a time.

So we are starting our second summer with our raised garden beds, and our third year with our smaller planter boxes.  The first step this spring was to weed all the boxes.  This seemed like a huge task, as everything had to be pulled by hand.  When we had large garden beds, it is easy to run a tiller or weeder or hoe over everything.  But, in small raised beds and planter boxes, there is no room for these tools and the work is mostly done by hand.




If you would like to read another “weeding” story about our planter boxes, please see the link here.

We saved some of our weeds for a science experiment you can read about here.



The raised beds are 8 feet x 4 feet.  They are divided in half.  Each time we finished weeding a 4 x 4 section, we added in some additional top soil and peat moss to raise the dirt level back up.  Peat moss is very helpful in keeping the soil most, but not too moist.  It helps slow down some of the water loss in the summer too. 



These bags of top soil cost $1 for 40lbs at the local home improvement store.  We added one bag on for each 4 x 4 section.   The organic peat moss was $11 for 3 cubic feet. We used this also in all the planter boxes too.  So we had about $20 dollars invested in topping off all the garden beds and planter boxes this spring.



This was a great family project.  Dad helped us too when he got home from work. 



After the peat moss and top soil were added to the boxes, the children mixed them all together.  This was a great sensory experience.  The dirt and peat moss had a fresh smell and it was cool to the touch.

My daughter pretended she was mixing up ingredients for a chocolate cake.  She loves to stir.



Then the children worked together to plant the beds.  They started with the small raised beds.



Working carefully so as not to disturb the roots, they put each tender plant into the soil.  This was a good opportunity to see how the whole plant lives above and below the soil level. 

They made some patterns with flower colors, and varieties too.



The 2 x 4 garden beds were filled with petunias, snap dragons, and sweet potatoes.  These will look lovely in the coming months and draw bees, butterflies, and humming birds to pollinate our garden.  Then in the fall we will harvest the sweet potatoes.



The 1 x 4 planter boxes were weeded and filled with rosemary, chives, oregano, thyme, parsley, lemon balm, bee balm, sweet mint,  yarrow, and more herbs.  I love growing herbs for special teas, cooking, and medicinal purposes.   The boxes were also planted with lettuce, and pansies and other flowers.  One planter is full of strawberries too. 



To get a jump start on the growing season, and hopefully beat some of the garden pests, I decided to go with started plants this year.  In the past, I grew our garden from both seeds, and plants I started.  We also bought started tomatoes at the local Amish greenhouse and usually planted about 35 to 50 of these each year.    But this time, being pregnant and feeling like I need to simplify and use the resources available to me, I went with started plants from Lowes.  I have some seeds leftover from last year, and I will plant those in the next week or two. 

I saved seed to from a few plants from last year’s garden too, including zenias, cucumbers, and pumpkin.  So I am looking forward to planting these with the children and seeing these seeds germinate and replicate the plants the children and I tended last year.  This will be a good hands on lesson to tie together how produce reproduces year after year.

We filled the raised bed gardens with cabbage, red onions, sweet white onions, sweet yellow onions, cucumbers, summer squash, bell peppers, jalapenio peppers, spinach, lettuce, two varieties of heirloom tomatoes, and two non-heirloom varieties, dill, cilantro, sage, and a few things I think I am forgetting.  There was also some volunteer cucumber plants starting to grow from seed left over in the bed from last year and a lovely kale that had over wintered and is now blooming too. 

I hope to plant some white potatoes yet this spring too.   I found potato grow bags at a gardeners store and hope to purchase some yet for this growing season.  I have tried methods of growing potatoes in rows in the garden (my favorite way, but you need lots of space which I don’t have just yet), in old tires, flower beds, and even a five gallon bucket before.  Potatoes are just fun to grow, and delicious to eat.   I love harvesting potatoes with my children.  If we don’t get them this spring, then there is always next year.

In the coming weeks we will be sharing with you our gardening learning adventure.  We are currently learning about soil and water PH  and doing lots of experiments we will share with you soon.  We also have started plants indoors in the window for several experiments too.  So stay tuned for lots more gardening science stories.

Before we were through, we made sure to water all the plants with a gentle mist from our sprinkler.  I think getting wet was the funniest part of the whole day.   Like eating a delicious desert and sharing a good story at the end of a satisfying meal.  The “work” was through and it was time to get silly.  

The children loved playing in the homemade “rain”.


In addition to their plants, the children were soaked from head to toe.



How do you teach your children about gardening, growing food, growing flowers, etc.?  Be sure to share your stories with us in the comment section below.    Thank you.


This post will be linked to:
The Garden Challenge
Science Sunday
No Time For Flash Cards







Please share.

Garden Weed Science


We have been doing lots of different scientific garden investigations as part of our garden unit.

Today is all about observing weeds growing in our planter boxes.



This is a fun hands on opportunity to teach several plant science concepts.



We pulled two types of weeds from the planter boxes.   We saved some for a science experiment, a clump of grass and a broad leaf weed, I assumed was a young dandelion, but I did not check to make sure.  I do wish I had set out a book with pictures for the children to identify this weed.  But I forgot. 

We set these weeds out on a table outside for further investigating after our weeding project was through.  If you would like to read about our weeding project, read the article posted here.

We discussed how grass in a yard is not considered a weed.  But grass in our garden is a weed.  A weed is a plant we don’t want to grow in our garden.  It competes with our other plants for nutrients, water, space, and sunshine.  So we remove weeds from the garden.

We soaked the smaller broad leaf weed in a glass of water.



Then laid the plant on a paper plate to dry a little in the sun.



Once some of the water dried from the root, we could see there was one long thick central root, with lots of small hairlike roots coming from it. 

This root system was very different from the roots on the clump of grass. 



Next we put the clump of grass into a bowl.  We tried to shake off as much dirt from the roots as possible.



But the dirt still clung inside the root tangle.  The roots provided a net for the dirt, and it was very hard to pull any more out.



Next, we rinsed the roots in water to remove the rest of the dirt.



This revealed a whole bunch of roots we could not see before.



After rinsing the dirt off, we took a closer look at the roots.  They were like thick hair.  Soon the children realized there was more than one grass plant in this clump.  The oldest took his tools and carefully began to separate each system of roots and plants.



He separated out 11 different grass plants with their own set of roots.  Each root system was made up of lots of long, thin roots that joined at the base of the plant, but were totally separate from each other.



He also cut a stem of grass open to see what was inside.  He described what he found inside as a thick juice, and the stem was kind of like a hollow straw. 

We talked about how this juice was from water and minerals in the soil, taken up by the roots, then moves up through the stem to feed the plant.  Kind of how people drink through a straw to drink up a milk shake.  The plant is using the stem to drink up nutrition (minerals) and water.



This was a great garden investigation today.

The children learned a great deal about what weeds are, what roots look like, and their function.  They were able pull the weeds from the soil with the whole plant in tact.  Then they were able to compare the root systems from two different plants.  Finally they observed the evidence of liquid inside the plant that showed them that the roots draw in water and nutrients from the soil for the plant to live.


How do you teach your kids about weeds, plants, and roots?  Leave us a comment.  Thanks.


This post will be linked up with
The Garden Challenge
No Time For Flash  Cards
Science Sunday






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Garden Challenge Weeding Planter Boxes


Today’s garden activities included weeding this planter box, and learning about two types of plants. 

In the process of today’s activities, the children are also learning about annual and perennial plants. 

Annual plants last for one year or one growing season. 

Perennial plants return year after year.

I asked the children to come and see what lived in this box.   They looked at each plant growing in the box.

I told them that one of plants in the box was supposed to be there and one was not.  We were going to remove the one that did not belong.

Can you find the treasure hidden amongst the grass?



They looked all around, pushing the grass to the side.  Finally they found the plants that belonged. 



We quickly got to work pulling out the unwanted clumps of grass from the planter box.  Dad had seeded the yard last fall, and some of his grass seed sprayed into the planter boxes.  It grew very nicely in there over winter and this spring, but it was just about to choke out the plants that were supposed to be in the box.  So its stay was not welcome anymore.



Did you figure out the perinial plants that belonged yet?  It is strawberries.  

Three years ago, we started strawberries in this box.  We rented a house and we were not supposed to touch the yard.  We missed our garden from the farm so much.  So we got these planter boxes and set them on the patio.  We grew our garden in four boxes that year. 

We planted a mixture of annuals and perennial.  We had combinations of vegetables, herbs, and flowers.
We had one box full of strawberries and flowers.  One full of herbs and sweet potatoes.  One with tomatoes and peppers, herbs and flowers.  And the last one had lettuce, cucumbers, zucchini, herbs, and flowers.  

Our garden boxes that year mostly provided us with fresh salads, culinary herbs for cooking and making fresh herb teas, gifts for neighbors, and lots of fun to care for them as we lived in a tiny little house after having just left our farm.  These boxes provided a way for us to get our hands dirty so to speak.

A year later we bought a home with a big yard and now can garden as much as we want.  But these boxes stand as a reminder of the year we made a planter box garden.  Some of the plants still return three years later, such as these strawberries.  There is also one with yarrow and some other herbs that return.  These plants that return year after year are perennials.

It is so much fun for the children to discover the world around them.  Here my eight year old son is pulling the weeds from around the strawberry plants.



We saved some of the weeds we pulled from the boxes for a science experiment.  We examined the plants, shook off the excess soil from the roots, rinsed the roots in water, and took a close look at them.  Our science experiment using these weeds will be posted here.



We will show you how the finished boxes look in a story posted here

After weeding, we turned the dirt in the boxes.  Next we topped off the existing soil with a little more dirt.  Then we re-planted several of the boxes with more annuals and perennials.  They look beautiful and the children are so pleased with their accomplishments.  

One box remained for strawberries and flowers.  Two boxes are full of herbs, lettuce, and flowers.  And one other box is full of flowers.   These will be lovely all summer long.  The box in the bottom of the picture is full of pansy’s planted by my three year old daughter.  She was so proud of “her” box.  The box that is just above the bottom box has a large yarrow plant that you can see on one side in this picture.  It is now three years old and looks lovely.




Do you have any plants that return each year?  What ways have you taught your kids about annual plants and perennial plants?   Please leave us a comment.  Thanks.



This post will be linked up with
Science Sunday
No Time For Flash Cards
The Garden Challenge
The Handbook Of Nature Study
We Play


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Garden Challenge and Preschool Printables

Have you wanted a fun way to teach Gardening to your kids?  Maybe you would like to learn more about it yourself?  Come along and join us on a garden adventure to learn about how to grow a garden.

                                                 HSV Garden Challenge 

You might be surprised to learn that you don’t have to live on a farm to have a garden.    There are lots of places we can grow things.  You can have a garden right on your window sill.  If you only have a patio or balcony, you can grow garden plants right in flower pots.  If you have a small yard, you can grow a few plants in a spot out in the open, or choose a more hidden location near a building.  If you really have a knack and desire for gardening though, you can really get creative and grow plants all over the place.  I have seen folks grow cucumbers around their mailbox even!

If you don’t have room for a garden, a fun thing to do with your kids is to join a CSA and visit the farm and see how the produce is grown and harvested.  Usually a CSA will have a box of produce for you to pick up every week of the growing season.  This would be great exposure for the children to see how the garden changes and what it produces as the season goes along, not to mention the delicious produce you will have to use for the week.  If you would like to know more about CSA’s in your local area, check the Local Harvest website at
http://www.localharvest.org/csa/

I love to garden!  For many years, (most of them before the past five years) my life revolved around my gardens.  From planning in the winter, to prepping, planting, weeding, and caring during the spring and early summer to bountiful harvests in the summer and fall.  Top it off with canning, dehydrating, growing in a hoop house or on the window sill in winter, sprouting, and gift giving, and your gardening can be year around pleasure.

But moving away from my farm, renting a house where the yard was off limits (no kidding you could use the house but the “association” owns the yard, that was a bad choice for a country girl like me to live) , and gardening while pregnant, and with toddlers, then buying a house where the yard is pure red clay and doesn’t want to grow anything green, I have been faced with a wide range of challenges.

Today’s post is about including my kids in planning a garden and learning about gardens for this year’s growing season.  My childrens ages are 2, 3, 6, 8, and 10.  We will be reading books, reviewing some videos, using seed catalogs, preparing our garden plans, prepping our garden boxes, planting, tending and watering, and hopefully harvesting something this year.

In addition to the above mentioned activities, we have lots of other activities planned. 
 
        For my younger children, we will also do some fun preschool type activities.  We plan to make a garden 
        activity bin, printables, role playing, and more.  

        For my older children, we will apply some hands on science in this learning adventure.   I will post
        website links for you in upcoming articles as they are posted.   We have a garden adventure science kit
        too that helps point out specific science lessons related to gardening.  Most of these you will be able to
        repeat yourself with out the science kit.  So stay tuned and we will show you step by step what we are
        doing.

Here are just a few of the supplies I have been gathering up that we will be using.





We are joining up with a fun learning adventure at the Homeschool Village.  Lots of families will be linking up once a month to share what they have been doing and learning during the month that relates to gardens.   This challenge will run from March through July. 

Please join us too!  The garden challenge is open to everyone.  No garden necessary!  You can grow in a container on the window sill if need by.  Don’t worry about it.   The point is to have fun learning something knew about growing things.  What better way to get your kids involved in some fun learning adventures and possibly grow something yummy to enjoy in the process.

Find all the details about the Garden Challenge and the link ups at the Homeschool Village website:

http://www.thehomeschoolvillage.com/2011/03/hsv-garden-challenge-qa.html


Want some fun printables to do with your tots, prek, and kindergarten learners with a garden theme?

 

Jolanthe from Homeschool Creations has some wonderful free printables, and a garden learning unit, that go along with this learning adventure just perfectly!  Click here for the printables:

Garden Preschool Printables Pack

Itsy Bitsy Learners has also made a Printable Garden Pack.


We acquired these planting boxes to sit on top of our red clay yard.  The yard is so hard, it doesn’t even want to grow grass, though a few patches have managed to grow.  The children had fun helping me follow the directions to assemble our boxes.  We got some in black, and some in green that can hold a netting or cloth over the top if needed.

 
 

Then we added our top soil, sand, compost, and lime to fill our boxes with a growing medium, that hopefully is better suited than our red clay for growing a garden.

Stay tuned for more gardening adventures with Weiser Academy!!!


This post will be linked up at
Science Sunday
Link and Learn
We Play
Homeschool Village
 


 

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